Learn about Lens Types

Descriptions of lens types and the best conditions to use them in as well as a bit historical information 
  1. Standard lens - This is the most common lens and has a focal length of around 50mm. It produces images that closely resemble what we see with our eyes. It's suitable for everyday use and is great for portraits and landscapes.

  2. Wide-angle lens - A wide-angle lens has a shorter focal length than a standard lens, usually between 14-35mm. It allows you to capture a wider field of view, making it great for landscapes, architecture, and interiors.

  3. Telephoto lens - A telephoto lens has a longer focal length than a standard lens, usually between 70-200mm. It allows you to zoom in closer to your subject, making it great for sports, wildlife, and portraits.

  4. Zoom lens - A zoom lens allows you to change the focal length and zoom in or out, making it versatile for a range of photography styles.

  5. Macro lens - A macro lens allows you to capture small objects at a 1:1 ratio, meaning the image size on the sensor is the same as the actual size of the object. It's great for close-up photography of flowers, insects, and other small objects.

  6. Fisheye lens - A fisheye lens has an extremely wide-angle of view, typically over 180 degrees. It produces a distorted, circular image, which can be great for creative photography.

  7. Tilt-shift lens - A tilt-shift lens allows you to control the plane of focus, making it great for architectural photography.

  8. Lens attachments for cellphones - There are a variety of lens attachments available for cellphones, including wide-angle, fisheye, macro, and telephoto lenses. These attachments allow you to expand the capabilities of your phone's camera.

Optimal conditions  

  1. Standard lens - This lens is great for everyday use, including portraits, landscapes, and street photography.

  2. Wide-angle lens - Use this lens for landscapes, architecture, and interiors.

  3. Telephoto lens - Use this lens for sports, wildlife, and portraits.

  4. Zoom lens - Use this lens for a range of photography styles.

  5. Macro lens - Use this lens for close-up photography of small objects, such as flowers and insects.

  6. Fisheye lens - Use this lens for creative photography, such as abstract images and artistic portraits.

  7. Tilt-shift lens - Use this lens for architectural photography, such as capturing tall buildings.

Further Reading on Anamorphic Lenses  

The anamorphic lens is by far the most popular lens used for capturing the cinematic quality. Though it is a wide angle lens it can hold its own classification. I found this interesting, so if your a science geek like I am , then im sure you will too  

An anamorphic lens is a specialized lens used to create an anamorphic effect, or the stretching and compression of a video or still image to create different visual effects. Anamorphic lenses are used to produce a wide-angle, letterbox format that is typically used to display widescreen films in the movie theatre. Anamorphic lenses can also be used to increase the magnification of optical systems, such as telescopes, cameras and camera lenses. When used with a camera, an anamorphic lens allows the use of smaller sensors while still preserving the same field of view on the final image or video.

An anamorphic lens is most typically used when shooting in a low light or low contrast environment or when attempting to create a cinematic look and feel. This type of lens typically projects a flared, horizontally stretched image onto the sensor, giving it a widescreen panoramic look that many filmmakers desire.

Anamorphic lens flares are most often created when a strong light source, such as the sun, shines directly into the lens of the camera, creating a bright, horizontal streak across the frame. This type of lens flare is typically seen in higher contrast environments where bright light is present. Bear in mind, however, that lens flares can also be created by subjecting the lens to any bright, direct light, regardless of the brightness level of the environment.

There are several popular brands of anamorphic lenses and attachments for cellphones that you may want to consider, such as DJI, Moment, Sandmarc and Moondog Labs. Each offers its own range of lenses with various shooting capabilities and levels of quality.
Ultimately, the best anamorphic lens for you will depend on your needs and budget.